Breast Cancer Affects 1 In 8 Women In West Jordan, UT
What is breast cancer?
Breast cancer is one the most common types of cancer amongst women in the U.S. – second only to skin cancer. Approximately one in eight women are diagnosed with female breast cancer at some point in their lifetime, reports the National Cancer Institute (NCI). While this figure is high, there is good news. Survivorship is approximately 89.7% at five years post-diagnosis. Furthermore, the “five-year survival rate for localized female breast cancer is 98.8%,” according to the same study.
Deaths from breast cancer have been steadily declining over the last several years as earlier detection and improved treatments become more widespread. While this is encouraging, the medical community still does not know exactly what causes breast cancer. Essentially, breast cancer develops when certain cells in the breast rapidly divide and reproduce, causing a mass or lump to form in the breast. If the lump or mass is not detected and treated, it could reach the lymph nodes in the breast and spread to the rest of the body. This is why detecting and treating breast cancer as early as possible is so critical. At Jordan Valley Cancer Center, a team of specialists works together to provide comprehensive breast cancer care for patients
The Breast Care Center at Jordan Valley is the first center in the Salt Lake area to provide women with comprehensive breast healthcare, including preventive, diagnostic and treatment services. We offer a high level of individualized care from a multidisciplinary team of medical professionals in a comfortable and supportive environment.
What are the risk factors for breast cancer?
Many women who have breast cancer risk factors never develop the disease, while many women who are diagnosed have no risk factors other than their sex. That being the case, certain risk factors associated with breast cancer include…
- Being female. Women are much more likely than men to develop breast cancer. Women have a lifetime risk of one in eight, while men have a lifetime risk of approximately one in 1,000.
- Increased age. Risk goes up as you age.
- Personal history. Women who have had breast cancer in the past are at greater risk for developing cancer in the unaffected breast.
- Family history. Women who have a mother, sister or daughter who has been diagnosed with breast cancer (especially at a young age) are at an elevated risk level.
- Certain genes. Mutated BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes (often referred to in the media as the “breast cancer genes”) can increase a patient’s risk for breast cancer.
Other risk factors include being obese, beginning menstruation before the age of 12, starting menopause at an older age, having never been pregnant or having a first child at an older age, undergoing postmenopausal hormone therapy and drinking alcohol.
Are there symptoms of breast cancer?
Symptoms may include:
- Feeling a lump in the breast or thickening of surrounding tissue
- Changes in size, shape or appearance of the breast
- Changes in the skin over the breast (including flaking of skin or redness)
- A newly inverted nipple
If you notice any of these symptoms, see a physician for further evaluation – even if you’re not due for your regular breast cancer screening.
How do you screen for and detect breast cancer?
At Jordan Valley Cancer Center, breast cancer may be diagnosed through a clinical breast exam, during which the physician feels the breasts and lymph nodes in the armpit for any abnormalities. Screening mammograms (simple non-invasive x-rays) are also used to evaluate the breast tissue.
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Breast Cancer Center at Jordan Valley Medical Center
3580 W 9000 South • West Jordan, Utah 84088
Breast Cancer Center at Jordan Valley Medical Center – West Valley Campus
3460 South 4155 West • West Valley City, UT
If the results of a clinical breast exam or screening mammogram require further investigation, patients may have a diagnostic mammogram or breast ultrasound, which uses sound waves to visualize the internal tissues, just as a fetal ultrasound can render detailed features of a baby in utero. Other methods for diagnosing breast cancer include biopsy and breast MRI.
The Stages of Breast Cancer
There are four stages of breast cancer. Stages are helpful for medical professionals to determine a prognosis and strategize a treatment for the cancer.
- Stage IA: Tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller in diameter, and the cancer is localized within the breast.
- Stage IB: There are small clusters of breast cancer cells (between 0.2 mm and 2 mm) in the lymph nodes and either no breast tumors or a tumor that is 2 cm or smaller.
- Stage IIA: Tumor may be larger than Stage I (still under 5 cm), but has not spread to the lymph nodes; or, tumor remains Stage I size and cancer is found in 1-3 axillary lymph nodes.
- Stage IIB: Tumor is larger than Stage I (still under 5 cm) and small clusters of cancerous cells are found in lymph nodes; or there is a tumor of an equivalent size and cancer has spread to 1-3 lymph nodes or lymph nodes near the breastbone; or tumor is larger than 5 cm and cancer has not spread to lymph nodes.
- Stage IIIA: Tumor may be any size or no tumor is in the breast. Cancer is found in 4-9 axillary lymph nodes or in lymph nodes near breastbone; or tumor is 5+ cm with small clusters of cancerous cells in lymph nodes; or tumor is 5+ cm and cancer has spread to 1-3 axillary lymph nodes or lymph nodes near breastbone.
- Stage IIIB: Tumor may be any size and cancer has spread to the chest wall and/or breast skin, causing swelling or ulceration. Cancer may have also spread to the lymph nodes near the breastbone or up to 9 axillary lymph nodes.
- Stage IIIC: Tumor may be any size or there may be no tumor in the breast, and cancer may have also spread to the chest wall and/or breast skin, causing swelling or ulceration. Cancer has spread to at least one of the following: 10 or more lymph nodes, lymph nodes above/below collarbone, axillary lymph nodes and lymph nodes near the breastbone.
- Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other organs, typically lungs, bone, liver or brain.
How do you treat breast cancer?
Your team at Jordan Valley Cancer Center may present a diverse set of treatment options while helping you in choosing the best course of action for your unique scenario. Cancer patients at our facility have the unique benefit of being able to see a wide range of specialists during a single visit. By receiving treatment at a facility that integrates the skills of a wide range of cancer treatment specialists, you can have the confidence that you’re receiving treatment that fits your needs–not just a treatment that’s within a single physician’s knowledge and skillset.
Breast cancer is typically treated through one of the following methods (or a combination). Select a therapy to learn more about it.
The Patient Experience at Jordan Valley Cancer Center
As a Jordan Valley Cancer Center patient, your Nurse Navigator serves as your educator and advocate. Should you have any questions, please take advantage of your Nurse Navigator’s knowledge and expertise. We are here to serve you and help you receive the best possible diagnosis, treatment, and support as you move on to survivorship. For more information, contact us at 801-601-2260.