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Prostate Cancer

Care for the #1 Male Cancer In Utah

What is prostate cancer?

The prostate is a male reproductive organ that produces seminal fluid. Cancer of the prostate is typically slow growing and remains confined to the prostate, where it often does not cause serious harm, in the early stages. Most types of prostate cancer are slow growing; some may not require aggressive treatment.

The most common type of prostate cancer (95%) is adenocarcinomas, which develop in glandular tissues. Other, rarer types, such as leiomyosarcoma or rhabdomyosarcoma, may develop in tissues surrounding the glands. Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) is a pre-cancerous condition in which the prostate cells have an abnormality that could possibly become malignant.

Aside from skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men in the United States. The American Cancer society estimates approximately 180,890 new cases of prostate cancer in the U.S. in 2016. For perspective, lifetime risk of prostate cancer is about one in seven. While the majority of cases are in men over the age of 65, prostate cancer can be diagnosed as early as 40 or younger.

The majority of men diagnosed with prostate cancer are able to defeat the cancer and live a relatively normal life. There are currently over 2.9 million men in the U.S. who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point in their lives.

What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?

The following men are at an elevated risk for prostate cancer:

  • Age 65+
  • Those who eat a diet high in fat (especially saturated fats)
  • Those with a family history of prostate or breast cancer
  • Those who are obese
  • African-Americans
  • Those who work in the rubber industry or who are exposed to cadmium

Are there symptoms of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer may not cause any signs or symptoms in its early stages, which is one reason why regular screenings are sometimes recommended for certain populations (discussed below). Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer may include:

  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Bone pain
  • Difficulty starting or stopping urinary stream
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Frequent and/or urgent urination (especially at night)
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
  • Painful burning urination
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Weak urinary stream

How do you screen for and detect prostate cancer?

There are several prostate cancer screening methods in use, though medical professionals and health care organizations are not in agreement about how (and for whom) they should be used. Standard screening tests include (1) the digital rectal exam, in which the physician feels the prostate (adjacent to the rectum) for any abnormalities, and (2) prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, in which a small blood sample collected from the arm is measured for levels of a substance naturally created by the prostate gland. If PSA testing and a DRE suggests the presence of prostate cancer, then ultrasound or biopsy may be used for further diagnostic work.

Learn more about prostate screening

The Stages of Prostate Cancer

Oncologists at Jordan Valley Cancer Center use the following stages to describe the progression of prostate cancer:

  • Stage I: Very early stage cancer that is confined to a small portion of the prostate; this cancer is not considered aggressive.
  • Stage II: At this stage, the cancer may be small, but aggressive; or, cancer may be large and have grown to both sides of the prostate gland.
  • Stage III: In Stage III cases, cancer has spread beyond the prostate to nearby tissues, including, perhaps, the seminal vesicles.
  • Stage IV: At this stage, cancer has spread to nearby organs (e.g. bladder), lymph nodes, or other distant organs.

How do you treat prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is treated with an integrative approach at Jordan Valley Cancer Center. By staffing oncologists from medical, surgical and radiation backgrounds, we are able to provide comprehensive, well-rounded perspectives and treatment options for prostate cancer in West Jordan, UT. As a patient at Jordan Valley Cancer Center, you will have the opportunity to receive care from the specialist(s) that is right for your particular case.

Also, while the word “cancer” seems like cause for alarm, it is important to realize that not all early-stage prostate cancers require treatment. Active surveillance (“watchful waiting”) may be the best course of action. Learn more about the following treatments for prostate cancer:

The Patient Experience at Jordan Valley Cancer Center

For more information about prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment, contact Jordan Valley Cancer Center at 801-601-2260. As a Jordan Valley patient, you will be paired with a Nurse Navigator, who serves as both an educator and an advocate. Your Nurse Navigator can help you make informed decisions about your care and the different treatment technologies available to you. For an advanced, integrative approach to prostate cancer treatment in West Jordan, UT, come to Jordan Valley Cancer Center.